Smart City Definition
A smart city is a predominantly system made of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), to create, deploy and promote sustainable development practices to address developing urbanization challenges. It uses different types of electronic Internet of Things (IoT) sensors to collect data and then use these data to manage assets and resources efficiently. The aim of a smart city is to enhance the quality of living for its citizens through smart technology.
A major part of this ICT system is basically an intelligent network of attached objects and machines that transmit information using wireless innovation and the cloud.
Cloud-based IoT applications analyze and manage real-time data to help enterprises, municipalities and citizens to make better choices that improve the quality of life.
Smart City Concept
A smart city has no definitive explanation because the breadth of the technologies that can be incorporated into a city in order for it to be considered a smart city. In Husam Al Waer and Mark Deakin research publication they defines about “From Intelligent to Smart Cities,” the factors that contribute to a city being classified as smart are:
- The workplaces in the district and the use of ICT to inspire life
- The embedding of such ICT within government frameworks
- The territorialization of practices that bring the individuals and ICT
- The application of a wide variety of electronic and advanced technologies to the city and its communities
- Together in order to foster innovation and upgrade the knowledge that they offer
Features of Smart City
Some of the comprehensive development features of Smart Cities are following:
- Promoting mixed land use in area based improvements– planning for ‘unplanned areas’ containing a range of compatible activities and land uses close to one another in order to create land use more efficient. The States will enable some flexibility in land use and building bye-laws to adapt to change.
- Housing and inclusiveness – expand housing opportunities for all.
- Creating walkable localities –reduce congestion, air pollution and resource depletion, boost local economy, promote interactions and ensure security. The road network is created not only for vehicles and public transport, but also for pedestrians and cyclists and necessary administrative services are offered within walking or cycling distance.
- Preserving and developing open spaces – parks, playgrounds, and recreational spaces in order to enhance the quality of life of citizens, reduce the urban heat effects in areas and generally promote eco-balance.
- Promoting a variety of transport options – Transit Oriented Development (TOD), public transport and last mile para-transport connectivity.
- Making governance citizen-friendly and cost effective – increasingly rely on online services to bring about accountability and transparency, especially using mobiles to reduce cost of services and providing services without having to go to municipal offices. Forming e-groups to listen to people and obtain feedback and use online monitoring of programs and activities with the aid of cyber tour of worksites.
- Giving an identity to the city – based on its main economic activity, such as local cuisine, health, education, arts and craft, culture, sports goods, furniture, hosiery, textile, dairy etc.
- Applying Smart Solutions to infrastructure and services in area-based development in order to make them better. For example, making Areas less vulnerable to disasters, using fewer resources, and providing cheaper services.
Smart Cities Mission
In the approach of the Smart Cities Mission, the objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment. The Smart Cities Mission of the Government is a new endeavor. It is meant to set examples that can be replicated both within and outside the Smart City, catalyzing the creation of similar Smart Cities in various regions and parts of the country.
The main infrastructure elements in a smart city would include:
Assured electricity supply,
Including solid waste management,
Affordable housing, especially for the poor,
Health and education,
Efficient urban mobility and public transport,
Robust IT connectivity and digitalization,
Adequate water supply,
Safety and security of citizens, especially women, children.
As population density becomes a problem in several areas of the world, matters of pollution, cleanliness and environmental awareness become a fundamental key for survival in urban areas. In light of these essential aspects, several cities have focused their attention on growing the cleanest city in the world taking into consideration improvements in waste management, water treatment, public littering, air pollution, among others. In this sense, we’ve put together a list of the Top 5 Cleanest Cities in the world for 2019 considering overall littering, pollution, and waste management. Read more “The 5 Cleanest Cities in the World – How do they do it?”