We all have heard about the outbreak of the disease in Wuhan, one of the central Chinese cities. It’s caused by a novel coronavirus. It’s from a family called the Corona Viruses. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause sickness ranging from the regular cold to more serious diseases, for example, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) was first found in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and it was then spread to at least 25 countries. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a severe acute respiratory syndrome. It was another deadly virus. In 2003 it came into effect in more than two dozen countries in North and South America, Europe and Asia. Scientists are come to know about different seven types of Coronaviruses till now. A coronavirus is a new strain that has not been detected in humans before.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, which means they are transmitted between animals and humans. Detailed investigations found that SARS Coronaviruses were transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS Coronaviruses from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
The symptoms of this sickness are pretty mundane on the face of it. It’s a dry cough fever and then breathing problems. It seems quite mild in lots of human and probably those people don’t end up in the hospital at all. Most common signs of infection involve respiratory symptoms, fever, cough and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, an infection can cause pneumonia, kidney problem, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and even death.
China’s national health commission has confirmed human-to-human transmission, and there have been such transmissions elsewhere. As of February 9, at least 800 people have died from the virus worldwide. Infections inside China stand at almost 37,200 and global infections have passed 280 in 28 countries and the mortality rate is 2%. Two members of one family have been confirmed to have the virus in the United Kingdom, a third person was diagnosed with it in Brighton, and a fourth is being treated in London after more than 400 were tested and found negative. The Foreign Office has urged United Kingdom citizens to leave China if they can. Five new cases in France are British nationals, and British nationals are also among the 64 cases on a cruise liner off Japan. The number of people to have contracted the virus could be far higher, as people with mild symptoms may not have been detected. Modeling by the World Health Organization (WHO) experts at Imperial College London suggests there could be as many as 100,000 cases with uncertainty putting the margins between 30,000 and 200,000.
To prevent this type of infection everyone needs to wash their hand regularly, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory sickness such as coughing and sneezing.