The UN report says that by 2021, water scarcity will directly affect about 20% of the human population, and will indirectly affect the rest of the planet, also the economy and the entire ecosystem. Many agents are responsible for this crisis. This may be happened because of the population growth, pollution and the influence of many pollutants that exist in this life cycle.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is related to almost every sector in our life ranging from smart cities to smart homes, traffic management systems to transportation and various sites. Water Management System is extremely impacted by the Internet of Things. In each part of the water cycle, IoT can be used to manage water resources and to find out optimal results.
So, let’s talk about how IoT can benefit the water industry:
- Smart Water Management: Smart Water Management (SWM) implies the integration of systems and the quality of water resources and maintain the associated equipment. In urban areas, water conservation is one of the most important aspects of water management and in there keeping a full record of water consumption is extremely difficult. This problem can be solved by using the Internet of Things which will keep track of a record of people using water on a particular day. It is also possible to analyze the data and the weather condition of that day to determine the amount of water consumed by the people in a particular city. This will help the water authorities to manage the flow of water more effectively.
- Water Quality Testing and Analysis- Real-time analysis of water tests in industries such as IoT power, manufacturing, etc. can be used to measure and monitor the data being drawn. IoT can also be used for public utility organizations in the field. The readings are provided to the end-users with the help of water testing meters and sensor devices. The end-user such as Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Bacteria, Chlorine, Electrical conductivity, etc. can obtain information that will help in accessing the real-time, accurate quantification of results and will also provide the ability to pinpoint the problem areas.
- Water Conservation: There are sensors and equipment for reservoirs and overhead water tanks that are specially designed to show the level of water present in it. With these sensors, the water level in the reservoir or the overhead tank can be sent to server at regular intervals to calculate the amount of water used daily. This whole process of determining the water level in the reservoir and then reflecting it on to the main server will help conserve water.
- Smart Irrigation– Currently, we are seeing a lot of waste water during the irrigation process. This is because the process of irrigation is scheduled automatically at a particular time irrespective of the weather condition and moisture present in the soil. This problem of water wastage can be tackled with the use of IoT. IoT sensors can determine the weather condition and the soil moisture which will help in getting the right place of water at appropriate time.
- Waste Water Management- The major challenge in water management process is to monitor and maintain the water levels, leakages, the flow and the quality of water through different channels. IoT can come to our rescue in all these areas. Sensors installed at many places in the water system can detect the temperature changes, chemical leakage, water leakage, and pressure level in it. These sensors will then collect the information and send it to the head server. This will ensure that the service engineers solve the issues as soon as possible. Another advantage of waste water management system is that it can discover and calculate the amount of chemical residue present in the water.
We firmly believe that the facilities of the Internet of things will be expanding day by day. Through IoT sensors, not only can we able to conserve valuable resources but also meet the demands of the people adequately and make our lives appropriate. And nowadays, most of the companies have already adopted IoT based services after knowing the issues related to water management.